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Resources

Vaccines

Useful Links

Is Your Child Sick

Abdominal Pain - Female

Abdominal Pain - Male

Acne

Animal or Human Bite

Antibiotics: When Do They Help?

Arm Injury

Arm Pain

Asthma Attack

Athlete's Foot

Back Pain

Bed Bug Bite

Bee or Yellow Jacket Sting

Blisters

Bottle-Feeding (Formula) Questions

Breast-Feeding Questions

Breath-holding Spell

Bruises and Cuts

Burn

Chest Pain

Chickenpox

Circumcision Problems

Colds

Constipation

Cough

Coughs: Meds or Home Remedies?

Cracked or Dry Skin

Cradle Cap

Croup

Crying Baby - Before 3 Months Old

Crying Child - 3 Months and Older

Cut, Scrape, or Bruise

Diaper Rash

Diarrhea

Diarrhea Diseases From Travel

Dizziness

Drinking Fluids - Decreased

Dry Skin

Ear - Congestion

Ear - Discharge

Ear - Injury

Ear - Pulling At or Rubbing

Ear - Swimmer's

Ear Infection Questions

Earache

Earwax Buildup

Ebola Exposure

Eczema

Emergency Symptoms Not to Miss

Eye - Allergy

Eye - Foreign Body or Object

Eye - Injury

Eye - Pus or Discharge

Eye - Red Without Pus

Eye - Swelling

Fainting

Fever

Fever - How to Take the Temperature

Fever - Myths Versus Facts

Fifth Disease

Finger Injury

Fire Ant Sting

Flu

Fluid Intake Decreased

Food Allergy

Foreskin Care Questions

Frostbite

Genital Injury - Female

Genital Injury - Male

Hair Loss

Hand-Foot-And-Mouth Disease (HFMD)

Hay Fever

Head Injury

Headache

Heat Exposure and Reactions

Heat Rash

Hives

Human or Animal Bite

Immunization Reactions

Impetigo - Infected Sores

Infection Exposure Questions

Influenza - Seasonal

Influenza Exposure

Insect Bite

Jaundiced Newborn

Jellyfish Sting

Jock Itch

Leg Injury

Leg Pain

Lice - Head

Lymph Nodes - Swollen

Medication - Refusal to Take

Menstrual Cramps

Menstrual Period - Missed or Late

Mental Health Problems

Molluscum

Mosquito Bite

Mosquito-Borne Diseases from Travel

Motion Sickness

Mouth Injury

Mouth Ulcers

Neck Pain or Stiffness

Newborn Appearance Questions

Newborn Illness - How to Recognize

Newborn Rashes and Birthmarks

Newborn Reflexes and Behavior

Nose Allergy (Hay Fever)

Nose Injury

Nosebleed

Penis-Scrotum Symptoms

Pinworms

Poison Ivy - Oak - Sumac

Puncture Wound

Rash or Redness - Localized

Rash or Redness - Widespread

Reflux (Spitting Up)

Ringworm

Roseola

Scabies

Scorpion Sting

Scrape

Sinus Pain or Congestion

Skin Foreign Body or Object

Skin Injury

Skin Lump

Sliver or Splinter

Sore Throat

Spider Bite

Spitting Up - Reflux

Stomach Pain - Female

Stomach Pain - Male

Stools - Blood In

Stools - Unusual Color

Strep Throat Exposure

Strep Throat Infection

Sty

Sunburn

Suture Questions

Swallowed Foreign Body or Object

Swallowed Harmless Substance

Swimmer's Itch - Lakes and Oceans

Tear Duct - Blocked

Teething

Thrush

Tick Bite

Toe Injury

Toenail - Ingrown

Tooth Injury

Toothache

Umbilical Cord Symptoms

Urinary Tract Infection - Female

Urination Pain - Female

Urination Pain - Male

Vaginal Bleeding

Vaginal Symptoms

Vomiting With Diarrhea

Vomiting Without Diarrhea

Warts

Wheezing (Other Than Asthma)

Wound Infection

Boil

Bronchiolitis-RSV

Eye - Foreign Object

Head Lice

Medicine - Refusal to Take

RSV-Bronchiolitis

Skin Foreign Object

Swallowed Foreign Object

Weakness and Fatigue

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Concern over the coronavirus (also called coronavirus disease 2019 or COVID-19) is top of mind for everyone. The following includes: Coronavirus Overview Advice for People who have been exposed, but Have NO Symptoms Advice for People who have be...

Breathing Trouble

Is this your child's symptom?Trouble breathing means working hard to breatheThe medical name is respiratory distressNormal breathing should be easy and quiet

Colds (0-12 Months)

Is this your child's symptom?Runny nose and sore throat caused by a virusYou think your child has a cold. Reason: family members, friends or other children in child care have same symptoms.Also called an Upper Respiratory Infection (URI).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Exposure

Is this your child's symptom?COVID-19 stands for Coronavirus Disease 2019, the year the outbreak started in China. This new viral infection has quickly spread around the world (a pandemic).Exposure (Close Contact) to a person who has a positive ...

Cough (0-12 Months)

Is this your child's symptom?The sound made when the cough reflex clears the airway of irritantsMost coughs are part of a coldA coughing fit or spell is over 5 minutes of nonstop coughing

Diarrhea (0-12 Months)

Is this your child's symptom?Sudden increase in the number and looseness of stoolsDiarrhea means 3 or more watery or very loose stools. Reason: 1 or 2 loose stools can be normal with changes in diet.

Ear Piercing Symptoms

Is this your child's symptom?Minor infection of pierced earSymptoms are pain, redness, crusting and swelling at the earring siteSpreading redness is more serious and needs to be seen

Fever - How to Take a Temperature (0-12 Months)

When Does Your Baby Have a Fever??Rectal, Forehead or Ear temperature: 100.4° F (38.0° C) or higherUnder the arm (armpit) temperature: 99° F (37.2° C) or higherCaution: Ear temperatures are not accurate before 6 months of ageWher...

Fever (0-12 Months)

Is this your child's symptom?An abnormal high body temperatureFever is the only symptom. Your child has a true fever if:Rectal (bottom), Ear or Forehead temperature: 100.4° F (38.0° C) or higherUnder the arm (armpit) temperature: 99° F (37.2° C)...

Solid Foods (Baby Foods)

Is this your child's symptom?When and how to start solid foods (baby foods) in infantsWhen and how to start finger foods and table foodsHow to prevent food allergies

Trouble Breathing

Is this your child's symptom?Trouble breathing means working hard to breatheThe medical name is respiratory distressNormal breathing should be easy and quiet

Vomiting (0-12 Months)

Is this your child's symptom?Vomiting (throwing up) stomach contentsOther names for vomiting are puking, barfing and heaving

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Diagnosed or Suspected

Is this your child's symptom?Child has symptoms of COVID-19 (fever, cough or trouble breathing) AND:diagnosis was confirmed by a positive lab test ORsuspected diagnosis was made by a health care provider ORparent or patient suspects COVID-19 bas...

Medical Library

Behavior

A Guide to Your Child’s Medicines

Alcohol and Your Child: What Parents Need to Know

Angry Child

ASDs Family Handout—Behavioral Challenges

ASDs Family Handout—Discussing the Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) With Your Child

ASDs Family Handout—Early Intervention Services

ASDs Family Handout—Emergency Information Form For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)

ASDs Family Handout—Financial Assistance and Related Programs for Families

ASDs Family Handout—Gastrointestinal Problems

ASDs Family Handout—Guardianship

ASDs Family Handout—Health Care Transition: Moving From Adolescence to Adulthood

ASDs Family Handout—Inclusion: Elementary School

ASDs Family Handout—Inclusion: Middle and High School

ASDs Family Handout—Intervention Approaches Used for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders

ASDs Family Handout—Introduction to Complementary and Alternative Medicine

ASDs Family Handout—Lab Tests

ASDs Family Handout—Medications and Your Child

ASDs Family Handout—Nutrition and Eating Problems

ASDs Family Handout—School-based Services

ASDs Family Handout—Seizures and Epilepsy

ASDs Family Handout—Sibling Issues

ASDs Family Handout—Sleep Problems

ASDs Family Handout—Talking About Sexuality for Parents of Teens with Autism Spectrum Disorders

ASDs Family Handout—Teaching Social Skills

ASDs Family Handout—The Medical Home for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

ASDs Family Handout—Toilet Training

ASDs Family Handout—Vaccines

ASDs Family Handout—Visiting the Doctor

ASDs Family Handout—Wandering Off (Elopement)

Asthma and Your Child

Bedtime Hassles

Bedwetting

Bed-wetting

Biting

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 15 to 17 Year Visits

Bright Futures Patient Handout: 18 to 21 Year Visits

Bullying: It’s Not OK

Child Sexual Abuse

Choosing a Pediatrician

Choosing Quality Child Care: What's Best for Your Family?

Chores, Age-Appropriate

Cocaine: What You Need to Know

Crying Child - 3 Months and Older

Dangers of Secondhand Smoke

Defiance

Discipline and Your Child

Disrespect

Drug Abuse Prevention Starts With Parents

Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia

Everybody Gets Mad: Helping Your Child Cope with Conflict

Fears

Gay, Lesbian, or Bisexual Parents: Information for Children and Parents

Growing Independence: Tips for Parents of Young Children

Help Stop Teenage Suicide

Helping Your Child Cope With Death

Helping Your Child Cope With Life

Hitting (Spanking)

Home Drug Testing: What Parents Need to Know

Imaging Tests: A Look Inside Your Child's Body

Important Information for Teens Who Get Headaches

Inhalants: What You Need to Know

Keep Your Family Safe: Fire Safety and Burn Prevention at Home

Learning Disabilities: What Parents Need to Know

Listen, Refuse to

Lying

Marijuana: What Parents Need to Know

Mealtime Hassles

Morning Hassles

Newborn Reflexes and Behavior

Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Care of the Young Athlete)

Parent's Guide to Teen Parties, A

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Care of the Young Athlete)

Pneumonia and Your Child

Ratings: Making Healthy Media Choices

Safety of Blood Transfusions

Scabies

Seasonal Influenza (Flu)

Self-Esteem

Sibling Relationships

Sibling Rivalry

Smokeless Tobacco: What You Need to Know

Substance Abuse Prevention

Talking With Your Teen About Sex

Talking With Your Young Child About Sex

Tattooing and Body Piercing

Teaching Good Behavior: Tips on How to Discipline

Teen Dating Violence: Tips for Parents

Teen Suicide, Mood Disorder, and Depression

Temper Tantrums

Temper Tantrums: A Normal Part of Growing Up

The Risks of Tobacco Use

Thumbs, Fingers, and Pacifiers

Toilet Training

Tonsils and the Adenoid

Urinary Tract Infections in Young Children

What is a Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrician?

What Is ADHD?

What is ADHD? Questions from Teens

What is Clean Intermittent Catheterization?

What Is Your One-Year-Old Telling You?

What to Do for ADHD

Whining

Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

Your Child's Mental Health: When to Seek Help and Where to Get Help

Is Your Toddler Communicating With You?

Your baby is able to communicate with you long before he or she speaks a single word! A baby's cry, smile, and responses to you help you to understand his or her needs. In this publication the American Academy of Pediatrics shares information ab...

Parenting Your Infant

Parenting an Infant Comes with Big Rewards and Challenges All infants: Love to explore the world around them, so you have to make your home safe. Have their own personalities, which may be different from their parents'. Put new and stressful dem...

Playing Is How Toddlers Learn

Raising a Toddler can be Child's Play Play is how your toddler explores and learns about the world. Support and encourage this play. Allow your child lots of time to play. Match your child's interests with play activities. Take care of yourself—...

Sleep Problems in Children

Sleep problems are very common during the first few years of life. Problems may include waking up during the night, not wanting to go to sleep, nightmares, sleepwalking, and bedwetting. If frantic upset persists with no apparent cause, call your...

Welcome to the World of Parenting

ADHD—Homework Tips for Parents

Identifying Where the Problems Begin, and Identifying Solutions Does your child get the assignments written down? If not, work with your child’s teacher to check his homework planner to be sure assignments are there before he leaves class. Does ...

ADHD—The Use and Abuse of Psychostimulant Medication: Tips for Parents and Teens

The Facts Stimulant medications are controlled substances. The possession of stimulant medication without a prescription is against the law. Money does not need to be exchanged for a gift or other exchange of a controlled substance to be conside...

ADHD—Why Am I Having So Much Trouble With School?

It is very common to have difficulties in school if you have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Common Reasons You Might Have a Hard Time With School and Homework if You Have ADHD It’s hard to pay attention even if you are smart an...

ADHD—Why Is My Child Having Trouble in School?

It is very common for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to have difficulties in school. These problems can occur for several reasons. Symptoms of ADHD like distractibility, hyperactivity, and impulsivity make it hard ...

Understanding ADHD: Information for Parents About Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

<-->>Almost all children have times when their behavior veers out of control. They may speed about in constant motion, make noise nonstop, refuse to wait their turn, and crash into everything around them. At other times they may drift as if in a d...>

Use of Psychostimulant Medication: Tips for Teens—ADHD Toolkit

Bedwetting: What Parents Need to Know

Did you know that there are about 5 million children in the United States who wet the bed? If your child wets the bed, he or she is not alone. Though most children are toilet trained between 2 and 4 years of age, some children may not be able to...

Breast Feeding

Breastfeeding Record for Baby’s First Week

Breastfeeding Resources

Breastfeeding Your Baby (booklet)

Breastfeeding Your Baby: Getting Started

Collecting and Storing Breast Milk

Engorged Breasts

Fluoride

Formula, Supplementing with

Getting Started

Herbal Remedies and Supplements

Herbs to Avoid While Nursing

How do I know my baby is getting enough milk?

Jaundice, Breast Milk

Mastitis

Nipple, Cracked

Nipples, Sore

Thrush

Vitamins

Water

Weaning

Weaning, Tips

Weight Gain and Newborns

Weight Gain, Slow

Weight, Appropriate for Babies

When a Nursing Mother is Ill and Needs to Take Medications

Emergencies

Anaphylaxis

Choking Prevention and First Aid for Infants and Children

CPR

Croup: When Your Child Needs Hospital Care

First Aid

When Your Child Needs Emergency Medical Services

Poison Control Hotline

For a poison emergency in the U.S. call 1-800-222-1222

Growth & Development

Beyond Screen Time: A Parent’s Guide to Media Use

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 1 Month Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 12 Month Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 15 Month Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 15 to 17 Year Visits

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 18 Month Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 2 Month Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 2 to 5 Day (First Week) Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 2 Year Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 2½ Year Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 3 Year Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 4 Month Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 4 Year Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 5 and 6 Year Visits

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 6 Month Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 7 and 8 Year Visits

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 9 and 10 Year Visits

Bright Futures Parent Handout: 9 Month Visit

Bright Futures Parent Handout: Early Adolescent Visits (11-14 years)

Bright Futures Patient Handout: 15 to 17 Year Visits

Bright Futures Patient Handout: 18 to 21 Year Visits

Bright Futures Patient Handout: 7 and 8 Year Visits

Bright Futures Patient Handout: 9 and 10 Year Visits

Bright Futures Patient Handout: Early Adolescent Visits (11-14 years)

Connecting With Your Community

Friends Are Important: Tips for Parents

How Do Infants Learn?

Parenting Your Infant

Young Children Learn A Lot When They Play

Your Child's Growth: Developmental Milestones

Normal Weight and Height Guidelines

Parents often wonder about the normal growth of their children. While general guidelines can be followed, always remember variations are the norm with kids! Typically, height doubles between 3 and 4 years old; then, it triples by 13 years old (based on height at birth). Weight usually doubles by

Your Baby's First Steps

Learning to walk takes practice. Each child will learn to coordinate and balance at different rates. You can expect some wobbling and falling down at first, but before you know it, your child will be running circles around you. The American Acad...

Healthy Communication With Your Child

Healthy communication with your child is one of the most important and rewarding skills that you can develop as a parent. It also makes the tough parts of parenting (such as disciplining your child) much easier and more effective. Good communica...

Your Child's Eyes

<-->>Eye exams by your child’s doctor are an important way to identify problems with your child’s vision. Problems that are found early have a better chance of being treated successfully. Read on for information from the American Academy of Pediat...>

Immunizations

Handouts

DTaP

Flu Shot

Hep A

Hep B

Hib

HPV Gardasil-9

IPV

Meningococcal (Serogroup B - Men B)

Meningococcal ACWY

MMR

MMRV

Multiple Vaccines

PCV13

PPV

Rotavirus

TdaP

Varicella

Schedule

DTaP

Flu Shot

Hep A

Hep B

Hib

HPV (Gardasil)

IPV

Meningococcal (Men B)

Meningococcal ACWY

MMR

MMRV (ProQuad)

Multiple Vaccines

PCV13

PPV

Rotavirus

TdaP

Varicella

Serogroup B Meningococcal

Articles

ASDs Family Handout—Vaccines

Chickenpox Vaccine, The

DTaP (Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis Vaccines): What You Need to Know (VIS)

Haemophilus influenzae Type b

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib): What You Need to Know (VIS)

Hepatitis A Vaccine (VIS)

Hepatitis B Vaccine (VIS)

Hepatitis B Vaccine: What Parents Need to Know

Hepatitis C

HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Vaccine: What You Need to Know

Immunizations: What You Need to Know

Influenza Vaccine (Inactivated or Recombinant) (VIS)

Meningococcal ACWY Vaccines — MenACWY and MPSV4 (VIS)

Meningococcal Disease—Information for Teens and College Students

MMR (Measles, Mumps & Rubella) Vaccine: What You Need to Know (VIS)

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine: What You Need to Know (VIS)

Pneumococcal Infections

Polio Vaccine (VIS)

Protect Yourself and Help Protect Your Baby: Information for New Moms on the Tdap Vaccine

Rotavirus Vaccine (VIS)

Seasonal Influenza (Flu)

Td (Tetanus, Diphtheria) VIS

Tdap (Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis): What You Need to Know (VIS)

Vacuna contra el rotavirus

Varicella (Chickenpox) Vaccine (VIS)

Your Child’s First Vaccines: What You Need to Know (VIS)

Influenza Vaccine (Live, Intranasal) (VIS)

Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

Vacuna antimeningocócica ACWY: (Meningococcal ACWY VIS)

Vacuna contra DTaP (difteria, tétanos, tos ferina) (DTap VIS)

Vacuna contra el Hib (Hib VIS)

Vacuna contra la varicela (viruela loca) (Chickenpox VIS)

Vacuna contra MMR (sarampión, paperas y rubeola) (MMR VIS)

Vacuna neumocócica conjugada (PCV13) (Pneumococcal Congugate VIS)

Vacuna Td: Lo que necesita saber

Vacuna Tdap (Tdap VIS)

MMRV (Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella) Vaccine (VIS)

Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (VIS)

Serogroup B Meningococcal Vaccine (MenB) (VIS)

Newborns

Adoption: Guidelines for Parents

Back to Sleep, Tummy to Play

Bedwetting

Born Early (Preterm): At the Hospital

Born Early (Preterm): Health Concerns

Care of the Uncircumcised Penis

Caring for Your Child's Teeth

Choking Prevention and First Aid for Infants and Children

Circumcision: Information for Parents

Colds

Colic

Common Childhood Infections

Constipation

Croup

Crying and Your Baby: How to Calm a Fussy or Colicky Baby

Diaper Rash

Diarrhea and Your Child

Diarrhea, Vomiting, and Water Loss (Dehydration)

Ear Infections

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

Encourage Your Child to Be Physically Active

Feeding Your Baby

First Year of Life, The: Framingham Safety Survey

Infant Furniture: Cribs

Is Your Toddler Communicating With You?

Jaundiced Newborn

Know the Facts About HIV and AIDS

Newborn Appearance Questions

Newborn Characteristics

Newborn Hearing Screening and Your Baby

Newborn Illness - How to Recognize

Newborn Rashes and Birthmarks

Newborn Reflexes and Behavior

Parenting Your Infant

Playground Safety

Playing Is How Toddlers Learn

Protect Your Child…Prevent Poisoning

RSV, Bronchiolitis, and Your Baby

Should My Child Join a Clinical Trial?

Sleep Problems in Children

Sleeping

Starting Solid Foods

Weight Gain and Newborns

Welcome to the World of Parenting

Your Baby's Head Shape: Information for Parents on Positional Skull Deformities

Your Child Is On the Move: Reduce the Risk of Gun Injury

Choosing a Pediatrician

Safety of Blood Transfusions

Scabies

How to Prevent Tooth Decay in Your Baby

Secondhand Smoke

Secondhand smoke comes from 2 places: Smokers Burning cigarettes, pipes, and cigars Even if you don't smoke, breathing in someone else's smoke can kill you. Secondhand smoke has about 4,000 chemicals in it. More than 50 of them cause cancer. In ...

Teething

Teething is the cause of occasional worry by parents, occasional fussiness by infants, and just plain curiosity by both! The general guidelines for incoming teeth are as follows: Central incisors usually come in around 6 months of age, lateral incisors around 8 months of age, first molars around

Brief Resolved Unexplained Event: What Parents and Caregivers Need to Know

What is a brief resolved unexplained event? <-->>A brief resolved unexplained event (or BRUE for short) occurs suddenly and can be scary for parents and caregivers. A brief resolved unexplained event is a diagnosis made after your baby’s doctor or...>

How Do Infants Learn?

Infants are Amazing As soon as they are born, infants start to learn about the world from their experiences. Infants can see and hear what is happening around them and can communicate their needs and interests to others. Parents can help their b...

Jaundice and Your Newborn

Congratulations on the birth of your new baby! To make sure your baby’s first week is safe and healthy, it is important that You find a primary care provider, such as a pediatrician you are comfortable with, for your baby’s ongoing care. Your ba...

Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Preterm Newborns (Preemies): An Overview

What is a premature newborn (preemie)? Premature newborns (preemies) are babies who are born early. A premature newborn is one who is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy; a preemie can be very early (after only 6 months of pregnancy) or older (aft...

Safe Sleep and Your Baby: How Parents Can Reduce the Risk of SIDS and Suffocation

<-->>About 3,500 babies die each year in the United States during sleep because of unsafe sleep environments. Some of these deaths are caused by entrapment, suffocation, or strangulation. Some infants die of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Ho...>

Yeast Diaper Rash (Candidiasis)

What is yeast diaper rash? A shiny red rash, pinker than usual skin, or red bumps in the diaper area that may be caused by a yeast called Candida albicans. There are other causes of diaper rash that produce a similar skin appearance but are not ...

Your Preemie’s Growth: Developmental Milestones

Croup

Croup is an infection that makes the inside of your child's throat swell up. This makes it hard for your child to breathe. It can be scary for both parents and children. Croup is common in young children. Most cases of croup are mild. But croup ...

Diaper Rash and Your baby

Most babies get diaper rash, but it is usually not serious. Read on to find out more about what causes diaper rash and how to treat it. What is diaper rash? Diaper rash is any rash that develops inside the diaper area. In mild cases, the skin mi...

Teething

Teething is the cause of occasional worry by parents, occasional fussiness by infants, and just plain curiosity by both! The general guidelines for incoming teeth are as follows: Central incisors usually come in around 6 months of age, lateral incisors around 8 months of age, first molars around

Nutrition

ASDs Family Handout—Nutrition and Eating Problems

Breastfeeding Your Baby (booklet)

Breastfeeding Your Baby: Getting Started

Calcium

Calcium and You

Caring for Your Child's Teeth

Constipation and Your Child

Diarrhea and Your Child

Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia

Encourage Your Child to Be Physically Active

Feeding Kids Right Isn’t Always Easy: Tips for Preventing Food Hassles

Food Allergies and Your Child

Growing Up Healthy: Fat, Cholesterol, and More

Lactose Intolerance and Your Child

More Fiber for your Children? Yes! Here's Why and How.

Nutrition and Supplement Use (Care of the Young Athlete)

Right From the Start: ABCs of Good Nutrition for Young Children

Starting Solid Foods

What’s to Eat?: Healthy Foods for Hungry Children

Picky Eaters

As concerned parents, it's hard for us to not plead with our picky eater to "please eat one more bite". Yet, this approach often leads to frustration and resistance. Change your focus. Instead of putting food on his plate in the quantity that you think he will eat, put one bite of each item o

Trying New Foods

Getting children to taste or try new foods is often a trying experience. It is okay to keep offering it, and you may eventually succeed. Surveys have shown that children may need to see something on their plate 10 to 20 times before they will actually try it!

Type 2 Diabetes: Tips for Healthy Living

Children with type 2 diabetes can live a healthy life. If your child has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, your child's doctor will talk with you about the importance of lifestyle and medication in keeping your child's blood glucose (blood su...

When Children Won't Eat Vegetables

Parents often get worried when their child won't eat vegetables. Keep offering different vegetable choices (presented in interesting ways) to your child, but be reassured that many of the necessary vitamins and minerals in vegetables are also in the fruits that your child may eat more willingly.

Raw Milk: What You Need to Know

What is raw milk? Raw milk is milk that comes straight from a cow, sheep, or goat. Raw milk is not pasteurized (heated to kill germs) or homogenized (processed to keep the cream from separating from the milk). Is raw milk safe to drink? Raw milk...

Parenting Tips

Adoption: Guidelines for Parents

Babysitting Reminders

Bedtime - The Four B's

Beyond Screen Time: A Parent’s Guide to Media Use

Brushing Your Toddler's Teeth

Bullying: It’s Not OK

Choosing Quality Child Care: What's Best for Your Family?

Connecting With Your Community

Consequences for Actions

Contact Information

Dinnertime Conversation Strategies

Divorce and Children

Encouraging Your Child

Establishing Chores and Routines

Getting Children to Listen the First Time

Giving Children the Responsibility for their Own Dinner

Giving Eye drops to your Toddler

Giving Positive Suggestions Rather Than Negative Reprimands

Handling Stressful Situations with your Child Effectively

Help Stop Teenage Suicide

Helping Children Help Themselves

How to Teach Children About Rules

Humor Even for Vomiting Illnesses

Internet and Your Family, The

Listening to Kid Logic for a Compromise

Making Morning Struggles More Enjoyable

Media History

Medications, Administration of

No Rewards for Crying

Normal Weight and Height Guidelines

Not Giving In

Pacifier, Weaning from

Picky Eaters

Positive Reinforcement/Rewards

Potty Training for Boys

Potty Training for Girls

Predicting your Child

Reading to Infants

Reading to Toddlers

Sibling Relationships

Sibling Rivalry

Single Parenting

Sleep Problems in Children

Start Reading to Your Child Early

Staying Cool When Things Heat Up

Talking With Your Teen: Tips for Parents

Tantrums - Preparation is critical

Tattooing and Body Piercing

Teen Dating Violence: Tips for Parents

Teen Suicide and Guns

Teen Suicide, Mood Disorder, and Depression

Teeth, Brushing of

Teething

Temper Tantrums

Temper Tantrums: A Normal Part of Growing Up

Thumbs, Fingers, and Pacifiers

Tips for Parents of Adolescents

Trampolines: What You Need to Know

Traveling with Young Children

Trying New Foods

What Is ADHD?

What is ADHD? Questions from Teens

When Children Won't Eat Vegetables

When to Learn About Rules

Choosing a Pediatrician

Discipline and Your Child

Growing Independence: Tips for Parents of Young Children

A Guide to Children’s Dental Health

Caring for Your Child's Teeth

Almost 1 in 4 children in America will have a cavity (KA-vuh-dee) before turning 4 years of age! That's why it's very important for parents to know how to care for their children's teeth. Things You Can Do to Care for Your Child's Teeth Birth to...

Child Sexual Abuse

Sexual abuse of children is more common than most people think. About 1 out of 5 girls and 1 out of 10 boys will be sexually abused during their childhood. Parents can take steps to help prevent and recognize sexual abuse in children. What is ch...

Encourage Your Child to Be Physically Active

Helping Your Child Cope With Death

By school age, children understand that death is an irreversible event. Yet even though youngsters recognize that death is something more than going to sleep for a long time, they still may have many unanswered questions that they may not verbal...

Helping Your Child Cope With Life

Every parent's dream is to raise perfect children who have no worries and lead charmed, happy lives free of pain and hurt. We dream that we can keep our children safe from loss, heartache, and danger. But even if we could, would it really help t...

How to Prevent Tooth Decay in Your Baby

Is Your Toddler Communicating With You?

Your baby is able to communicate with you long before he or she speaks a single word! A baby's cry, smile, and responses to you help you to understand his or her needs. In this publication the American Academy of Pediatrics shares information ab...

Playing Is How Toddlers Learn

Raising a Toddler can be Child's Play Play is how your toddler explores and learns about the world. Support and encourage this play. Allow your child lots of time to play. Match your child's interests with play activities. Take care of yourself—...

Poison Control Hotline

For a poison emergency in the U.S. call 1-800-222-1222

Protect Your Child…Prevent Poisoning

Protect Your Child…Prevent Poisoning Children Can Get Very Sick If They Are Poisoned. Children Ages 1 to 3 Are At Highest Risk. Young children may put anything in their mouths. This is part of learning. Many household products can be poisonous i...

Ratings: Making Healthy Media Choices

Why do we need ratings? Research has shown that children are influenced by what they see and hear, especially at very young ages. To help parents make informed choices about what their children see and hear, many entertainment companies use rati...

Responding to Children's Emotional Needs During Times of Crisis: Information for

Pediatricians are often the first responders for children and families suffering emotional and psychological reactions to terrorism and other disasters. As such, pediatricians have a unique opportunity to help parents and other caregivers commun...

Should My Child Join a Clinical Trial?

Clinical trials are research studies. They are designed to learn more about ways to prevent, detect, or treat diseases. Clinical trials can also help people with chronic (long-term) illnesses find better ways to live each day with their illness....

Talking With Your Young Child About Sex

Children begin learning about sex and sexuality as soon as they are able to view, listen, and sense the world around them. As your children grow and develop, they may giggle with friends about "private parts," share "dirty" jokes, and look up ta...

Welcome to the World of Parenting

Your Child Is On the Move: Reduce the Risk of Gun Injury

Your Family's Mental Health: 10 Ways to Improve Mood Naturally

Great physical health is characterized by strength, flexibility, comfort, energy, endurance, and coordination. Similarly, great mental health includes feeling cheerful, hopeful, confident, resilient, adaptable, and connected to the people and wo...

Everybody Gets Mad: Helping Your Child Cope with Conflict

Help Children to act Calm Let them know that it takes more courage to walk away from a fight than to stay and fight. Teach them that fights don't solve problems—they make new ones. Remind them that when they get mad but don't fight, they have re...

Parenting Your Infant

Parenting an Infant Comes with Big Rewards and Challenges All infants: Love to explore the world around them, so you have to make your home safe. Have their own personalities, which may be different from their parents'. Put new and stressful dem...

Teaching Good Behavior: Tips on How to Discipline

<-->> Discipline is how Parents Teach their Children Praise success and good tries. Be clear and consistent about what you expect. Listening is important; let your child finish the story before helping to solve the problem. Praising your child for...>

Friends Are Important: Tips for Parents

How Parents can Help As your child is making new friends and spending more time with them, you can: Get to know these friends and their parents. Communicate expectations about friendships in a clear and open way. Help your child connect to schoo...

Teething

Teething is the cause of occasional worry by parents, occasional fussiness by infants, and just plain curiosity by both! The general guidelines for incoming teeth are as follows: Central incisors usually come in around 6 months of age, lateral incisors around 8 months of age, first molars around

Safety

1 to 2 Years: Safety for Your Child

1 to 4 Years, From (Part 1): Framingham Safety Survey

1 to 4 Years, From (Part 2): Framingham Safety Survey

10 to 12 Years, From: Framingham Safety Survey

10 Years: Safety for Your Child

2 to 4 Years: Safety for Your Child

5 to 9 Years, From: Framingham Safety Survey

5 Years: Safety for Your Child

6 to 12 Months: Safety for Your Child

6 Years: Safety for Your Child

8 Years: Safety for Your Child

A Guide to Children’s Dental Health

A Guide to Safety Counseling in Office Practice

A Guide to Your Child’s Medicines

A Parent's Guide to Water Safety

About Bicycle Helmets

Air Bag Safety

Anesthesia and Your Child: Information for Parents

Antibiotics and Your Child

ASDs Family Handout—Emergency Information Form For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)

ASDs Family Handout—Medications and Your Child

ASDs Family Handout—The Medical Home for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

ASDs Family Handout—Wandering Off (Elopement)

Baby Walkers: What You Need to Know

Bicycle Safety: Myths and Facts

Biking (Care of the Young Athlete)

Birth to 6 Months: Safety for Your Child

Car Safety Seat Checkup

Car Safety Seats 2018 Guide

Car Safety Seats 2018 List

Child Sexual Abuse

Childproofing Your Home

Choking Prevention and First Aid for Infants and Children

Choosing the Right Size Bicycle for Your Child

Dangers of Secondhand Smoke

Deciding to Wait

Drug Abuse Prevention Starts With Parents

Firearms Injury Prevention

Fun in the Sun: Keep Your Family Safe

Home Safety Checklist

Home Water Hazards for Young Children

How to Prevent Overuse Injuries (Care of the Young Athlete)

How to Prevent Tooth Decay in Your Baby

Imaging and Medical Radiation Safety: Important Information for Parents

Internet and Your Family, The

Keep Your Family Safe: Fire Safety and Burn Prevention at Home

Lawn Mower Safety

Life Jackets and Life Preservers

Making Healthy Decisions About Sex: Important Information For Teens

Message to Parents of Teen Drivers, A

Minor Head Injuries in Children

Parent's Guide to Pets, A

Parent's Guide to Teen Parties, A

Parent-Teen Driving Agreement and a Message to Parents of Teen Drivers: Pediatrician Implementation

Pool Safety for Children

Protect Your Home Against Fire…Planning Saves Lives

Pulling the Plug on TV Violence

Raw Milk: What You Need to Know

Safe Driving…A Parent's Responsibility

Safety Tips for Home Playground Equipment

Secondhand Smoke

Substance Abuse Prevention

Talking With Your Teen About Sex

Talking With Your Young Child About Sex

The Child as a Passenger on an Adult's Bicycle

The Risks of Tobacco Use

Trampolines: What You Need to Know

Water Safety for Your School-aged Child

When is an Athlete Ready to Return to Play? (Care of the Young Athlete)

Your Baby's First Steps

Your Child and the Environment

Playground Safety

Four Steps to Prepare Your Family for Disasters

Parent's Guide to Toy Safety, A

Children can have a lot of fun playing with their toys. However, it's important to keep in mind that safety should always come first. Each year thousands of children are injured by toys. Read on to learn what to look for when buying toys and how...

Protect Your Child…Prevent Poisoning

Protect Your Child…Prevent Poisoning Children Can Get Very Sick If They Are Poisoned. Children Ages 1 to 3 Are At Highest Risk. Young children may put anything in their mouths. This is part of learning. Many household products can be poisonous i...

Safety of Blood Transfusions

When to Learn About Rules

The most difficult time for a child to learn a rule is when it has been broken. Instead, try to establish a rule before there is an opportunity to break it. For example, telling a child to stop running by a swimming pool immediately sets up a conflict. An explanation of the rule upon arrival at

Your Child Is On the Move: Reduce the Risk of Gun Injury

Decorative Contact Lenses: What Teens and Parents Need to Know

You may want to look like your favorite movie star or singer or have the perfect look for Halloween, but changing the look of your eyes with decorative contact lenses could cause a lot of damage to your eyesight. Read more from the American Acad...

How to Prevent Shaken Baby Syndrome and Other Forms of Abusive Head Trauma

<-->>How do you calm a crying baby? That depends. Each baby is different and there are many reasons why babies cry. Though there is no magic button to turn off crying, there are some things parents and caregivers can try. Here are tips from the Am...>

Lead Is a Poison: What You Need to Know

Lead in the body can affect child development and behavior. Lead is a metal that is found in a lot of places. Though you can't usually see it, there are things you can do to prevent your child from being exposed to lead. No safe level of lead ha...

Nursemaid's Elbow

A pulled elbow (also known as nursemaid’s elbow) is a common, painful injury generally among children under four years old but occasionally older. It occurs when the outer part of the elbow becomes dislocated or slips out of its joint. This happ...

Parent's Guide to Insect Repellents, A

<-->>Mosquitoes, biting flies, and tick bites can make children miserable. While most children have only mild reactions to insect bites, some children can become very sick. Some insects carry dangerous germs such as West Nile virus, Lyme disease b...>

Protect Your Child From Poison

<-->>Children can get very sick if they come in ­contact with medicines, household products, pesticides, chemicals, or cosmetics. This can happen at any age and can cause serious reactions. How­ever, most children who come in contact with these th...>

Safe Bicycling Starts Early

Safe Bicycling Starts Early When a child receives his or her first tricycle or bicycle, a lifelong pattern of vehicle operation is begun. A bike is not just a toy, but a vehicle that is a speedy means of transportation, subject to the same laws ...

Tips for Getting Your Children to Wear Bicycle Helmets

Tips for Getting Your Children to Wear Bicycle Helmets Establish the helmet habit early. Have your children wear helmets as soon as they start to ride tricycles and if they are a passenger on the back of an adult's bike. If they learn to wear he...

ZIKA Virus: Pediatrician Advice for Families

Special Needs

ASDs Family Handout—Discussing the Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) With Your Child

ASDs Family Handout—Early Intervention Services

ASDs Family Handout—Emergency Information Form For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)

ASDs Family Handout—Financial Assistance and Related Programs for Families

ASDs Family Handout—Intervention Approaches Used for Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders

ASDs Family Handout—Medications and Your Child

ASDs Family Handout—Talking About Sexuality for Parents of Teens with Autism Spectrum Disorders

ASDs Family Handout—The Medical Home for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

ASDs Family Handout—Vaccines

ASDs Family Handout—Visiting the Doctor

ASDs Family Handout—Wandering Off (Elopement)

Community Support

Financial Resources

Learning Disabilities: What Parents Need to Know

Medical Information

Resources for Parents, Siblings, and Patients

Students With Chronic Health Conditions: Guidance for Families, Schools, and Students

Understanding Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): An Introduction

ASDs Family Handout—Behavioral Challenges

ASDs Family Handout—Gastrointestinal Problems

ASDs Family Handout—Guardianship

ASDs Family Handout—Inclusion: Elementary School

ASDs Family Handout—Inclusion: Middle and High School

ASDs Family Handout—Introduction to Complementary and Alternative Medicine

ASDs Family Handout—Lab Tests

ASDs Family Handout—Nutrition and Eating Problems

ASDs Family Handout—School-based Services

ASDs Family Handout—Seizures and Epilepsy

ASDs Family Handout—Sibling Issues

ASDs Family Handout—Sleep Problems

ASDs Family Handout—Teaching Social Skills

ASDs Family Handout—Toilet Training

Should My Child Join a Clinical Trial?

Clinical trials are research studies. They are designed to learn more about ways to prevent, detect, or treat diseases. Clinical trials can also help people with chronic (long-term) illnesses find better ways to live each day with their illness....

What is a Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrician?

If your child has a developmental, learning, or behavioral problem, a Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrician has the training and expertise to evaluate and care for your child. Developmental-behavioral pediatricians possess training and experienc...

What Is ADHD?

ADHD is short for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (uh-TEN-shun DEF-uh-sit HYE-pur-ak-TIV-uh-tee dis-ORD-ur). ADHD makes it hard to sit still, pay attention, take turns, and finish things. It is one of the most common chronic (long-term)...

What is ADHD? Questions from Teens

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition of the brain that makes it difficult for people to concentrate or pay attention in certain areas where it is easy for others, like school or homework. The following are quick answers...

What to Do for ADHD

ADHD is short for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (uh-TEN-shun DEF-uh-sit HYE-pur-ak- TIV-uh-tee dis-ORD-ur). There is no cure for ADHD yet. But there are many good treatments to help your child. As a parent, you play a big role in your...

Sports & Exercise

A Parent's Guide to Water Safety

ACL Injuries (Care of the Young Athlete)

Aerobic Training (Care of the Young Athlete)

Ankle Sprain Treatment (Care of the Young Athlete)

ASDs Family Handout—Nutrition and Eating Problems

Asthma and Exercise (Care of the Young Athlete)

Ballet and Dance (Care of the Young Athlete)

Baseball and Softball (Care of the Young Athlete)

Basketball and Volleyball (Care of the Young Athlete)

Biking (Care of the Young Athlete)

Burners and Stingers (Care of the Young Athlete)

Cheerleading (Care of the Young Athlete)

Concussions (Care of the Young Athlete)

Core Exercises (Care of the Young Athlete)

Diving (Care of the Young Athlete)

Exercise-Related Heat Illness (Care of the Young Athlete)

Figure Skating (Care of the Young Athlete)

Football (Care of the Young Athlete)

Golf (Care of the Young Athlete)

Growing Up Healthy: Fat, Cholesterol, and More

Gymnastics (Care of the Young Athlete)

Horseback Riding (Care of the Young Athlete)

How to Prevent Overuse Injuries (Care of the Young Athlete)

How to Prevent Tooth Decay in Your Baby

Ice Hockey (Care of the Young Athlete)

Is Your Child Ready for Sports? (Care of the Young Athlete)

Lacrosse (Care of the Young Athlete)

Little League Elbow (Care of the Young Athlete)

Martial Arts (Care of the Young Athlete)

Nutrition and Supplement Use (Care of the Young Athlete)

Orthotics (Care of the Young Athlete)

Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Care of the Young Athlete)

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Care of the Young Athlete)

Performance-Enhancing Supplements (Care of the Young Athlete)

Physical Activity: Creating a FITT Plan (Care of the Young Athlete)

Physical Activity: Overcoming Obstacles (Care of the Young Athlete)

Racquet Sports (Care of the Young Athlete)

Rowing (Care of the Young Athlete)

Running (Care of the Young Athlete)

Safe Weight Loss and Weight Gain (Care of the Young Athlete)

Sever's Disease (Care of the Young Athlete)

Shin Pain (Care of the Young Athlete)

Shoulder Impingement (Care of the Young Athlete)

Skateboarding and In-line Skating (Care of the Young Athlete)

Skiing and Snowboarding (Care of the Young Athlete)

Skin Conditions and Sports Participation (Care of the Young Athlete)

Soccer (Care of the Young Athlete)

Sports and Your Child

Sports Medicine Professionals (Care of the Young Athlete)

Strength Training (Care of the Young Athlete)

Stress Fractures (Care of the Young Athlete)

Swimming (Care of the Young Athlete)

Treatment of Sports Injuries (Care of the Young Athlete)

Type 2 Diabetes: Tips for Healthy Living

Use of Ice and Heat (Care of the Young Athlete)

Use of Medicines in Sports (Care of the Young Athlete)

Water Polo (Care of the Young Athlete)

When is an Athlete Ready to Return to Play? (Care of the Young Athlete)

When to See a Doctor (Care of the Young Athlete)

Wrestling (Care of the Young Athlete)

Encourage Your Child to Be Physically Active

Get Fit, Stay Healthy

Being fit means you're in good shape, you have energy, you're active, and you don't get tired easily during the day. Most people who are fit also feel pretty good about themselves. Any type of regular, physical activity can improve your fitness ...

The Female Athlete Triad (Care of the Young Athlete)

Female athlete triad refers to the combination of 3 medical conditions—energy availability, menstrual problems, and weak bones—seen in competitive female athletes. Prevention of the female athlete triad is important because the triad can interfe...

Teens

Acne

Acne—How to Treat and Control It

Alcohol and Your Child: What Parents Need to Know

Anxiety

ASDs Family Handout—Inclusion: Middle and High School

ASDs Family Handout—Talking About Sexuality for Parents of Teens with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Child Sexual Abuse

Cocaine: What You Need to Know

Deciding to Wait

Depression

Drug Abuse Prevention Starts With Parents

Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia

El alcohol y su hijo: lo que los padres deben saber: (Alcohol and Your Child: What Parents Need to K

Everybody Gets Mad: Helping Your Child Cope with Conflict

Expect Respect: Healthy Relationships

For Today's Teens: A Message From Your Pediatrician

Four Steps to Prepare Your Family for Disasters

Gambling: Not a Safe Thrill

Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Teens: Information for Teens and Parents

Gay, Lesbian, or Bisexual Parents: Information for Children and Parents

Get Fit, Stay Healthy

Health Care for College Students

Home Drug Testing: What Parents Need to Know

Important Information for Teens Who Get Headaches

Inhalants: What You Need to Know

Marijuana: What Parents Need to Know

Mental Health

Next Stop Adulthood: Tips for Parents

Parent's Guide to Teen Parties, A

Parent's Guide to Toy Safety, A

Pelvic Exam, The

Puberty: Ready or Not, Expect Some Big Changes

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

Responding to Children's Emotional Needs During Times of Crisis: Information for

Ringworm

School Health Centers and Your Child

Smokeless Tobacco: What You Need to Know

Smoking

Steroids: Play Safe, Play Fair

Stressed? Read This.

Substance Abuse Prevention

Talking With Your Teen About Sex

Talking With Your Young Child About Sex

Tattooing and Body Piercing

Tattoos

Teen Dating Violence: Tips for Parents

Teen Suicide and Guns

Teen Suicide, Mood Disorder, and Depression

Teens and Tobacco

The Risks of Tobacco Use

Tinea (ringworm infection)

Trampolines: What You Need to Know

What Is ADHD?

What is ADHD? Questions from Teens

When to See a Doctor (Care of the Young Athlete)

Your Family's Mental Health: 10 Ways to Improve Mood Naturally

Safety of Blood Transfusions

Scabies

ASDs Family Handout—Health Care Transition: Moving From Adolescence to Adulthood

Moving into adulthood can be challenging for any young person with or without autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). While much attention is given to transitioning from high school to postsecondary education or to the workforce, parents should also b...

Beyond Screen Time: A Parent’s Guide to Media Use

Help Stop Teenage Suicide

Know the Facts About HIV and AIDS

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). While there is no cure for HIV, early diagnosis and treatment are very effective at keeping people healthy. In addition, there are things y...

Making Healthy Decisions About Sex

Medicines for ADHD: Questions From Teens Who Have ADHD

Q: What can I do besides taking medicines? A: Medicines and behavior therapies are the only treatments that have been shown by scientific studies to work consistently for ADHD symptoms. Medicines are prescribed by a doctor, while behavior therap...

Message to Parents of Teen Drivers, A

Traffic crashes are the leading cause of death for teens and young adults. More than 5,500 young people die every year in car crashes and thousands more are injured. Parents can play an important role in reducing these numbers and keeping their ...

Nutrition and Supplement Use (Care of the Young Athlete)

Young athletes often try special diets and supplements to improve their athletic performance. However, many of these products do not live up to their claims to increase strength, speed, and athletic skills. Athletes should focus instead on follo...

Parent-Teen Driving Agreement and a Message to Parents of Teen Drivers: Pediatrician Implementation

Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for 16- to 20-year-olds, accounting for about 5,500 fatalities annually and injuring thousands more. A variety of legislative measures—graduated driver licensing (GDL), minimum drinking-age an...

Talking With Your Teen: Tips for Parents

Be an Involved Parent Show interest in your teenager's activities and friends. Talk openly, honestly, and respectfully with your teenager. Set clear limits and expectations. Know what's going on at school and after school. Teach your teenager ho...

Tips for Parents of Adolescents

Adolescence is the time between childhood and adulthood when your daughter or son will go through many physical and emotional changes. It begins with puberty which, for girls, usually starts between 8 and 13 years of age, and for boys, between 1...

Your Child's Mental Health: When to Seek Help and Where to Get Help

Have you noticed a recent change in your child's behavior? Is she having trouble getting along with friends? Is he failing school? Is this new behavior affecting your family? If you are concerned, remember that your child's doctor can help. He o...

What's Going Around

2017-2018 Flu Season

Allergies

Bronchiolitis (and RSV)

Chickenpox

Colds and Upper Respiratory Infections

Cough

Croup

Enterovirus

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68)

Hand-Foot-Mouth Disease

Mouth Blisters (Herpangina)

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

Pink Eye

Strep Throat

Upper Respiratory Infection

Vomiting and Diarrhea

Medicine Dosages

A Guide to Your Child’s Medicines

Acetaminophen

ASDs Family Handout—Introduction to Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Choosing Over-the-Counter Medicines for Your Child

Cold Medicines

Cough Medicines

How Asthma Medicines Are Taken

Ibuprofen

Itching/Allergies

Medicine and the Media: How to Make Sense of the Messages

Medicines for ADHD: Questions From Teens Who Have ADHD

Parent's Guide to Complementary and Integrative Medicine, A

Prescription Medicines and Your Child

Sports Medicine Professionals (Care of the Young Athlete)

Use of Medicines in Sports (Care of the Young Athlete)

Using Liquid Medicines

Using Over-the-Counter Medicines with Your Child

Giving Eye drops to your Toddler

Administering eye drops can be uncomfortable to a toddler. Have your child lie on his back and shut his eyes as tight as he can. Place one to two drops in the inner corner of each eye. Tell him to relax his eyes. The liquid will seep into the eye without tears or fuss! Wipe off the excess w

Medications, Administration of

Getting preschoolers and school-age children to take medicine can be very challenging for parents. Try this: pour the medicine into a small medicine cup, measuring out the exact amount prescribed by your doctor. Then, "top it off" with several teaspoons of either strawberry or chocolate syrup. Y

Medical Conditions

A Guide to Children’s Dental Health

Abdominal Pain, Recurrent

Acne

Acute Ear Infections and Your Child

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Acute Otitis Media

Acute Strep Throat

Addison

AIDS/HIV

Allergies in Children

Anaphylaxis

Anemia and Your Young Child: Guidelines for Parents: Adapted from Caring for Your Baby and Young Chi

Anesthesia and Your Child: Information for Parents

Ankle Sprain Treatment (Care of the Young Athlete)

Antibiotics and Your Child

Anxiety

Appendicitis

Asthma

Asthma and Exercise (Care of the Young Athlete)

Asthma and Your Child

Asthma Triggers

Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Breast Enlargement, Premature

Breath-Holding Spells

Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis and Your Young Child

Care of the Premature Infant

Celiac Disease

Chickenpox

Chickenpox Immunization

Chickenpox Vaccine, The

Coarctation of the Aorta

Colds

Common Childhood Infections

Congenital Hip Dysplasia

Constipation

Constipation and Your Child

Coxsackie A16

Croup

Croup and Your Young Child

Croup: When Your Child Needs Hospital Care

Crying and Your Baby: How to Calm a Fussy or Colicky Baby

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)

Depression

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

Diabetic Mother, Infant of

Diaper Rash

Diarrhea and Your Child

Diarrhea, Vomiting, and Water Loss (Dehydration)

Ear Infection

Ear Infections

Eating Disorders

Eczema

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

Enlarged Lymph Nodes

Erythema Multiforme

Eye Problems Related to Headache

Febrile Seizure

Febrile Seizures

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Fever

Fever and Your Child

Fifth Disease

Fifth Disease (Erythema Infectiosum)

Flu

Flu, The

Food Allergies and Your Child

Food Borne Illnesses

Fragile X Syndrome

Gastroenteritis, Viral

Gastroenteritis: When Your Child Needs Hospital Care

Gastroesophageal Reflux

Giardiasis

Hand Foot and Mouth

Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease

Head Lice

Headache Related to Eye Problems

Hemangioma

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A Immunization

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B Immunization

Hepatitis C

Hib Immunization

High Blood Pressure

Hip Dysplasia (Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip)

HIV/AIDS

How to Take Your Child's Temperature

Hyperactivity

Hypertension

Hypothyroidism

Immunization

Infant of a Diabetic Mother

Infectious Mononucleosis

Influenza Immunization

Influenza-Seasonal

Inhaled and Intranasal Corticosteroids and Your Child

Kawasaki Syndrome

Language Development in Young Children

Lead Poisoning

Leukemia

Lung Hypoplasia

Lyme Disease

Lymphadenopathy

Measles

Mental Health

Middle Ear Fluid and Your Child

MMR Immunization

Molluscum Contagiosum

Mumps

Obesity in Childhood

Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Care of the Young Athlete)

Otitis Media, Acute

Pneumococcal Conjugate Immunization

Pneumonia and Your Child

Polio Immunization

Premature Thelarche

Prematurity

Prematurity, Retinopathy of

Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary Hypertension (PPH & SPH)

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Rheumatic Fever, Acute

Ringworm (Tinea)

Roseola

Rotavirus

Rubella (German Measles)

Scabies

Seasonal Influenza (Flu)

Separation Anxiety

Sinusitis

Sinusitis and Your Child

Sleep Apnea and Your Child

Smoking

Speech Development in Young Children

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome

Strep Throat

Strep Throat-Acute

Strep Throat-Recurrent

Stuttering and the Young Child

Swine Flu

Swine Flu (H1N1) FAQ

Swine Flu (H1N1) Vaccine

Swollen Glands

Tattoos

Tear Duct, Blocked

Tetralogy of Fallot

Thyroid Problems

Tinea (ringworm infection)

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxoplasmosis

Treating Your Child's Pain: Medical Procedures

Treating Your Child's Pain: Surgery

Turner Syndrome

Type 2 Diabetes: Tips for Healthy Living

Underdeveloped Lungs

Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infections in Young Children

Varicella or Chickenpox

Varivax Immunization

Vesicoureteral Reflux

Wheezing-Infant

Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

Wilson Disease

Safety of Blood Transfusions

Tonsils and the Adenoid

Eating Disorders: Anorexia and Bulimia

Most people enjoy eating. But for people with an eating disorder, it brings about very different feelings. They become obsessed with thoughts of eating and have an intense fear of gaining weight. These thoughts disrupt their daily activities. Th...

Imaging Tests: A Look Inside Your Child's Body

If your pediatrician isn't sure what the cause of your child's illness or injury is, imaging tests may be needed. Imaging tests are used to “look” inside the body. They can help diagnose injuries and illnesses from broken bones to cancer. Some t...

Know the Facts About HIV and AIDS

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is a virus that can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). While there is no cure for HIV, early diagnosis and treatment are very effective at keeping people healthy. In addition, there are things y...

Learning Disabilities: What Parents Need to Know

Your child will learn many things in life—how to listen, speak, read, write, and do math. Some skills may be harder to learn than others. If your child is trying his best to learn certain skills but is not able to keep up with his peers, it’s im...

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

What Is ADHD?

ADHD is short for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (uh-TEN-shun DEF-uh-sit HYE-pur-ak-TIV-uh-tee dis-ORD-ur). ADHD makes it hard to sit still, pay attention, take turns, and finish things. It is one of the most common chronic (long-term)...

What is Clean Intermittent Catheterization?

If your child cannot empty his or her bladder completely, or has a problem with urine leakage, your child may need to start a catheterization program. These problems are commonly seen in children with spina bifida, spinal cord injuries, or some ...

Bedwetting

Did you know that there are about 5 million children in the United States who wet the bed? If your child wets the bed, he or she is not alone. Though most children are toilet trained between 2 and 4 years of age, some children may not be able to...

Bedbugs

What are bedbugs? These are small insects that feed on human blood by biting through the skin. Bedbugs are most active between 2:00 and 5:00 am. They can travel 10 to 15 feet to feed and go without feeding for up to 6 months. Their bites may loo...

Bites (Human and Animal)

Human Bites Biting is very common among young children but usually does not lead to serious infectious disease issues. If the skin is broken, bacteria introduced into the wound can cause a tissue infection that needs to be treated by a health ca...

Boil/Abscess/Cellulitis

What are boils, abscesses, and cellulitis? These are bacterial infections of the skin that usually begin from a scratch or bug bite and may progress to a red nodule that fills with pus. Boils are superficial infections with a thin layer of skin ...

Campylobacter

What is Campylobacter? A type of bacteria that can cause infection of the intestines What are the signs or symptoms? Bloody diarrhea Fever Vomiting Abdominal cramping Malaise What are the incubation and contagious periods? Incubation period: 2 t...

Chickenpox (Varicella-Zoster Infections)

What is chickenpox? An illness with rash and fever caused by the varicella-zoster virus What are the signs or symptoms? Rash (ie, small red spots and bumps developing into very small fluid-filled sacs on the skin [vesicles] over 3–4 days, and th...

Clostridium difficile (Also Called “C diff”)

What is Clostridium difficile? A spore- and toxin-forming bacteria that causes diarrhea Often associated with recent antibiotic use What are the signs or symptoms? Usually the illness is mild and causes Non-bloody diarrhea Mild abdominal pain Lo...

Cryptosporidiosis

What is cryptosporidiosis? An intestinal infection caused by a parasite (Cryptosporidium hominis or Cryptosporidium parvum) What are the signs or symptoms? Acute watery diarrhea. Fever. Vomiting. Abdominal cramps. Fatigue. Lack of appetite. Many...

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infection

What is cytomegalovirus infection? A viral infection common in children. Up to 70% of normal children aged 1 to 3 years in group care settings excrete cytomegalovirus (CMV). What are the signs or symptoms? Generally no symptoms in young children...

Diarrhea

What is diarrhea? Diarrhea is an illness in which someone develops more watery or more frequent stools than is typical for that person. Diarrhea can be caused by changes in diet, such as drinking an excessive amount of fruit juice, eating more t...

Diarrhea Caused by Specific Types of E coli (Escherichia coli)

What is Escherichia coli (E coli) diarrhea? Although many types of Escherichia coli (E coli) bacteria live normally in the intestinal tract, at least 5 types are known to cause diarrhea. Shiga toxin-producing E coli has caused numerous outbreaks...

Fifth Disease (Human Parvovirus B19)

What is fifth disease? Common viral infection with rash occurring 4 to 14 days (up to 21 days) after the start of the viral infection What are the signs or symptoms? Fever. Headache. Tired, muscle aches. Uncommon symptoms are itchiness, cough, d...

Haemophilus influenzae Type b (Hib)

What is Haemophilus influenzae type b? A type of bacteria that causes infections; infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) can be prevented by the Hib vaccine, which is part of the routine childhood immunizations. This bacteria c...

Hepatitis A Infection

What is hepatitis A infection? A viral infection causing liver inflammation. An acute, usually self-limited illness. Hepatitis A is spread by the fecal-oral route. Hepatitis B and C are blood-borne hepatitis viruses. What are the signs or sympto...

Hepatitis B Infection

What is hepatitis B? A viral infection causing liver inflammation. Hepatitis B can lead to serious illness, lifelong infection, liver failure, and liver cancer. Hepatitis B is a blood-borne infection. (See Chapter 1 for more details.) What are t...

Herpes Simplex (Cold Sores)

What is herpes simplex? A viral infection that can cause a variety of signs and symptoms in different age groups. In early childhood, herpes simplex most commonly causes blister-like sores in the mouth, around the lips, and on skin that is in co...

Impetigo

What is impetigo? A common skin infection caused by streptococcal or staphylococcal bacteria What are the signs or symptoms? Small, red pimples or fluid-filled blisters (pustules) with crusted yellow scabs found most often on the face but may be...

Influenza

What is influenza? A contagious disease caused by a group of respiratory viruses called influenza viruses What are the signs or symptoms? Sudden onset of fever Headache Chills Muscle aches and pains Sore throat Nasal congestion Cough Mild pinkey...

Lice (Pediculosis Capitis)

What are head lice? Small, tan-colored insects (less than ⅛″long) that Live on blood they draw from the scalp. Live for days to weeks depending on temperature and humidity. Crawl. They do not hop or fly. Deposit tiny, gray/white eggs, known as n...

Lyme Disease (and Other Tick-borne Diseases)

What is Lyme disease? An infection caused by a type of bacteria called a spirochete that is transmitted when particular types of ticks attach to a person’s skin and feed on that person’s blood. These ticks are very small, only a few millimeters ...

Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Allergic Skin Conditions

What are allergic skin conditions? There are different types of allergic skin conditions. Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a long-lasting skin condition in which the skin is overly sensitive to many things. It can affect older children most often i...

Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Allergies: An Overview

What are allergies? Allergy is the term that is used to describe the body’s overreaction to something that it views as foreign or different. The body reacts by releasing histamine and other substances that cause allergic symptoms. There are many...

Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Anaphylaxis

What is anaphylaxis? Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction that affects the whole body. It happens when the body has an intense response to an allergen. Symptoms can include Drop in blood pressure Flushing, sweating, or paleness of...

Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Asthma

What is asthma? Asthma is a chronic long-term condition in which air passages to the lungs become inflamed, swollen, and narrowed. The swelling can narrow passages enough to reduce or block airflow to and from the lungs. As air moves through the...

Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

What is gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)? Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a condition in which stomach contents go up into the esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach). This occurs commonly in babies and tends to improv...

Meningitis

What is meningitis? An infectious disease causing swelling or inflammation of the tissue covering the spinal cord and brain. Three types of bacteria most commonly cause bacterial meningitis in young children after the newborn period. Neisseria m...

Mononucleosis

What is mononucleosis? A disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (also called EBV); the illness is commonly known as mono. What are the signs or symptoms? Usually mild or no signs or symptoms, especially in young children. Fever. Sore throat. F...

Mosquito-borne Diseases

What are mosquito-borne diseases? Diseases spread by infected mosquitoes—in the United States, most are caused by viruses. Examples of viruses spread by mosquitoes include West Nile virus, eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE), St. Louis enceph...

Mouth Sores

What are the causes of mouth sores? Herpes simplex, canker sores, hand-foot-and-mouth disease, and thrush What is herpes simplex? A virus that can cause a variety of infections in different age groups. In early childhood, most commonly causes bl...

Norovirus

What is norovirus? A virus that causes diarrhea and vomiting. A leading cause of diarrhea in the United States. Disease occurs more frequently in cooler months (ie, late autumn to early spring) than other times of the year. Common cause of foodb...

Parent’s Guide to Head Lice, A

<-->>Head lice are a common problem that usually affects school-aged children and their families. They can attach to the hair of anyone’s head. It doesn’t matter if the hair is clean or dirty. Head lice are also found worldwide in all different pl...>

Pinkeye (Conjunctivitis)

What is conjunctivitis? Inflammation (ie, redness, swelling) of the thin tissue covering the white part of the eye and the inside of the eyelids What are the signs or symptoms? There are several kinds of conjunctivitis, including Bacterial Red o...

Pinkeye and Your Child

Pinworms

What are pinworms? Small, white, threadlike worms (0.25–0.5″ long) that live in the large intestine What are the signs or symptoms? Most people have no signs or symptoms. Itching and irritation around the anal or vaginal area. What are the incub...

Pneumonia

What is pneumonia? An inflammation of the lungs primarily caused by a viral or, less commonly, bacterial infection. Infection of the lungs often is secondary to an infection that starts in the nose and throat area (ie, the upper portion of the r...

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

What is respiratory syncytial virus? A virus that causes the common cold and other respiratory signs or symptoms, mostly in children younger than 2 years Most common in winter and early spring; one of the most common diseases of early childhood ...

Ringworm

What is ringworm? A fungal infection of the skin of the body, feet, or scalp What are the signs or symptoms? Skin of the body or feet Red, circular patches with raised edges and central clearing Cracking and peeling of skin between toes Scalp Pa...

Roseola (Human Herpesvirus 6 and 7)

What is roseola? A viral infection causing fever or rash in infants and children that primarily occurs between 6 and 24 months of age What are the signs or symptoms? High fever (above 103°F [39.4°C] measured orally, axillary, or rectally) lastin...

Salmonella

What is Salmonella? An intestinal infection caused by Salmonella bacteria. Typhoid fever is caused by a type of Salmonella infection that is more serious and can cause outbreaks but is uncommon in the United States. What are the signs or symptom...

Shigella

What is Shigella? An intestinal infection caused by the Shigella bacteria What are the signs or symptoms? Loose, watery stools with blood or mucus Fever Headache Convulsions Abdominal pain What are the incubation and contagious periods? Incubati...

Shingles (Herpes Zoster)

What is shingles? An infection caused by the reactivation of varicella-zoster (chickenpox) virus within the body of someone who previously had chickenpox or, less commonly, someone who received the chickenpox vaccine in the past What are the sig...

Sleep Problems: Your Child’s Sleep Diary

Staphylococcus aureus (Methicillin-Resistant [MRSA] and Methicillin-Sensitive [MSSA])

What is Staphylococcus aureus? Staphylococcus aureus are bacteria that primarily cause skin infections, although these bacteria can cause pneumonia, bone, joint, and blood infections less commonly. The “resistant” or “sensitive” part of the name...

Strep Throat (Streptococcal Pharyngitis) and Scarlet Fever

What is strep throat? A disease caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria What is scarlet fever? A fine red rash that makes the skin feel like sandpaper. Scarlet fever is caused by a toxin produced by a strep infection of the throat or another ar...

Sty

What is a sty? A mild infection of a gland in the eyelid at the base of the eyelashes What are the signs or symptoms? Mild pain and a red bump at or near the edge of the eyelid. Styes may enlarge and burst and spontaneously drain. Styes are diff...

Thrush (Candidiasis)

What is thrush? A yeast infection predominately produced by Candida albicans, causing mouth infections in young infants What are the signs or symptoms? White patches on the inside of cheeks and on gums and the tongue Usually causes no other sign...

Tuberculosis (TB)

What is tuberculosis? A disease caused by an infection with the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis that usually involves the lungs but could affect other parts of the body What are the signs or symptoms? Most children initially infected with th...

Upper Respiratory Infection (Common Cold)

What is an upper respiratory infection? The term upper respiratory infection usually refers to a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract (ie, nose, throat, ears, and eyes). Upper respiratory infections are common among infants in child ca...

Vomiting

What is vomiting? The exit of stomach contents through the mouth. Vomiting may have many causes and is not always from an infection. For example, children with gastroesophageal reflux have frequent spit-ups and vomiting episodes that are neither...

Warts (Human Papillomavirus)

What are warts? Skin infections caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) What are the signs or symptoms? Dome-shaped growth inside the skin that may become a raised area with small bumps within it. Usually painless but may be painful when they occur...

Your Child Has a Sore Throat: What's the Cause?

Bedwetting: What Parents Need to Know

Did you know that there are about 5 million children in the United States who wet the bed? If your child wets the bed, he or she is not alone. Though most children are toilet trained between 2 and 4 years of age, some children may not be able to...

Colds

Most children get 8 to 10 colds before they are 2 years old. Most colds come and go without any big problems. There is no cure for the common cold since colds are caused by viruses. Antibiotics don't kill viruses so they will not make your child...

Constipation

Constipation (kahn-sti-PAY-shun) is common. Children with constipation have stools (poops) that are hard, dry, and difficult or painful to get out. Constipation can be treated. You may worry your child is constipated if he or she doesn't have a ...

Croup

Croup is an infection that makes the inside of your child's throat swell up. This makes it hard for your child to breathe. It can be scary for both parents and children. Croup is common in young children. Most cases of croup are mild. But croup ...

Diaper Rash and Your baby

Most babies get diaper rash, but it is usually not serious. Read on to find out more about what causes diaper rash and how to treat it. What is diaper rash? Diaper rash is any rash that develops inside the diaper area. In mild cases, the skin mi...

Fever

What is fever? Fever is an elevation of the normal body temperature. Fever is most commonly caused by the body’s response to a viral or bacterial infection, but it can have causes other than infection, such as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, a re...

Scabies

What is scabies? An infestation of the skin by small insects called mites What are the signs or symptoms? Rash, severe itching (increased at night). Itchy red bumps or blisters found on skinfolds between the fingers, toes, wrists, elbows, armpit...

2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Human Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that usually cause illnesses like the common cold. Almost everyone gets one of these viruses at some point in their lives. Most of the time the illness only lasts for a short time. COVID-19: a new coro...

Social Distancing: Why Keeping Your Distance Helps Keep Others Safe

Positive Parenting & COVID-19: 10 Tips to Help Keep the Calm at Home

Calmly teaching your child good behavior can become more difficult, though no less important, during stressful times. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) offers these tips for families facing long periods of time isolated at home during the...

Tips for Coping with a New Baby During COVID-19

All babies cry. Most babies cry a lot from two weeks to two months of age. Some cry more than others, and some cry longer than others. For many new parents, crying is one of the most stressful parts of coping with a newborn. In some cases, extre...

Working and Learning from Home During the COVID-19 Outbreak

To help contain COVID-19, many schools are moving children to online learning at home. In addition, many parents are being asked to work from home. These forms of social distancing are needed to help slow the spread of the virus and prevent over...

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